Who wrote the Books of 1 and 2 Kings and who did they write it for?
Traditionally, the prophet Jeremiah has been named the author of 1 and 2 Kings, but it is uncertain. 1 and 2 Kings were written for the Israelites to record some of the history of the Hebrew monarchy and the kingdoms of Judah and Israel.
When did the events of Books of 1 and 2 Kings happen?
1 and 2 Kings cover Israel’s history, from the reign of King David to the Babylonian capture of Judah. The events of 1 Kings happened between around 1003-865 BC, and 2 Kings through around 586 BC.
What was the setting of the Books of 1 and 2 Kings?
1 and 2 Kings provide important examples of good and bad kings, true and false prophets, and disobedience and faithfulness to God. These many years of history are a vital part of the Israelite’s journey emphasizing the difficulties they faced in remaining faithful to the Lord, and the Lord’s constant faithfulness to His people.
What is the purpose of the Books of 1 and 2 Kings?
- End of David’s life and exaltation of Solomon as King (1 Kings 1-2)
- Wisdom of King Solomon (1 Kings 3-4)
- Building King Solomon’s Kingdom (1 Kings 5-8)
- The reign and death of King Solomon (1 Kings 9-11)
- The division of the kingdom (1 Kings 12-16)
- Ministry of the prophet Elijah (1 Kings 17-22)
- The end of Elijah’s ministry (2 Kings 1-2)
- Ministry of the prophet Elisha (2 Kings 3-8)
- The purge of Jehu (2 Kings 9-10)
- Prosperity in Judah and Israel (2 Kings 11-14)
- Wickedness in Judah and Israel (2 Kings 15-16)
- Domination of Assyria (2 Kings 17-21)
- Renewal and judgement of Judah (2 Kings 22-23)
- Babylonian capture of Jerusalem (2 Kings 24-25)
How do the Books of 1 and 2 Kings apply to my life?
- Provides an account of good and evil leadership, true and false prophets, and faithfulness and disobedience.
- Teaches that God’s blessing or judgement depends on the obedience of His people.
- Provide examples of how disobedience to the Law impacted the lives of God’s people.
- Gives blatant examples for testing true and false prophets.
- Shows God never breaks His promises, for both blessings and judgement, and is always faithful to His Word.
- Outlines the pattern and results of disobedience and failure to repent.
- Provides examples of how God uses those who are faithful and obedient for His great works and purposes.
The books of 1 and 2 Kings were originally one book, as were the books of 1 and 2 Samuel. The 4 books were combined into one book and then split into 4 parts of Hebrew history to become 1 and 2 Samuel and 1 and 2 Kings. All 4 of these books cover the history of the Hebrew monarchy and include many important examples of God’s chosen people in their pattern of disobedience, which led to the inevitable results that God promised would happen if they failed to repent and obey Him.
Throughout 1 and 2 Kings we see examples of good and evil kings, teaching us much about godly leadership. We also learn about true and false prophets, highlighting the ministry of the prophets Elijah and Elisha. Throughout these stories are intertwined examples of God’s chosen people fluctuating in their allegiance to Him, and ultimately failing to repent and be faithful to the Lord resulting in the capture of Jerusalem.
These books of the Bible are important historical texts filled with examples we can learn much from today. We get to see God’s promises at work and His faithfulness to His Word. We receive both warning and comfort, as well as encouragement because of the love and power of God and His faithfulness in keeping His promises.
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Have you accepted the grace of God?
If you have not accepted the grace of God and chosen to believe in Jesus Christ as your Lord and Savior, I encourage you to pray to God now and invite Him in, accept Jesus as the sacrifice for your sins, and repent of your sins. Submit it all to God, lay it at His feet, seek the forgiveness of God, welcome Him into your life, and believe that Jesus died and rose again to save you from your sins.
If you would like to learn more about salvation, you can find a couple of studies that may help here:
- Names of Jesus: Savior
- Don’t Neglect Your Salvation
- Prayer of Salvation
- What is grace and why do we need it?
- What does it mean to be justified by grace?
- Don’t Reject God’s Grace
- Don’t Reject Christ
- Godly Women – what it means to live a godly life
- Redeemed Women – what it means to be redeemed
- What is Biblical Love?
- What are Spiritual Gifts?
- How to live in Spirit and Truth
- How to test what is pleasing to God
- Names of Jesus as the Son of God
- Names of Jesus as the Son of Man
- Names of Jesus as the Truth